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China to start services on north-eastern high-speed line in December

China will start services on the country's first high-speed rail line through its high-latitude, freezing north-eastern provinces from 1 December 2012.

Trains will run at a maximum speed of 350kmph on the high-speed rail line, which connects the north-eastern city of Harbin and port city of Dalian.

The 921km line has 24 stations, connecting ten cities and running through China's north-eastern provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning.

The new route is one of the four north-south lines that China wants to complete by the end of 2015, and is expected to reduce travel times between Harbin and Dalian to four hours from the current nine hours.

According to engineers on the railway project, the new line will be capable of operating in extreme weather conditions, withstanding temperatures as low as -39.9°C in winter and as high as 40°C in summer.

The line is also equipped with technology to remove snow and ice from the line and to protect its power supply during sub-zero conditions, as the low temperatures of north-east China could threaten power supply and signalling systems during winter.

China completed a test run on the high-speed rail line in October 2012, using the eight-compartment CRH380B train model built by China Northern Railways.

"Trains will run at a maximum speed of 350kmph on the high-speed rail line."The China Ministry of Railways has created emergency plans, such as speed reductions and temporary halts, to ensure safety and to reduce the impact of extreme weather on rail services.

Due to safety concerns related to the climate, the ministry has decided to adopt two different schedules.

Trains will operate at speeds of 200kmph during the winter season, from 1 December to 31 March, and at 300kmph during the summer period, from 1 April to 30 November.

China, which currently has about 6,800km of high-speed railway lines, is expected to increase the total length of its combined high-speed track to around 18,000km by 2015.








Laos-China rail link

According to the official Lao press, the construction of the long-anticipated railway to link the Lao capital Vientiane to China will finally proceed in 2013, following a delay of several months and the withdrawal of Beijing from the joint venture.

The “biggest infrastructure project ever undertaken in Laos”, at an estimated cost of 7 billion US dollars, “is set to kick off next year” with the project scheduled for completion in 2018, the Ministry of Public Works and Transport was quoted in the Vientiane Times.

Although Laos currently only has a short stretch of track near the Thai border, the new railway – which will include 31 stations in total – will be about 420 km long and will connect Vientiane with the Laos-China border in the Luang Namtha province.

In spring 2010, before the project was stalled, French news agency AFP (Agence France-Presse) had noted that preparatory work had begun in the north of the country on the border with China, and that villagers living on the path of the planned high speed line had been told to move.

The initial project planned to construct a high speed line designed for 200 km/h operation. However for “safety reasons” the Lao government has decided that passenger trains will run at a maximum speed of 160 km/h while freight trains will travel at a maximum speed of 120 km/h. Another rail project is planned to link Savannakhet in the south of the country to the Vietnam border.


China's electric railway mileage exceeds 48,000 km

China's electric railway mileage has surpassed 48,000 kilometers, ranking first in the world, the China Railway Engineering Corporation Railway Electrification Bureau Group Co Ltd (EEB) said Tuesday.

It achieved the goal with the operation of a 921-kilometer electric railway line connecting the northeastern cities of Harbin and Dalian. The line is also the world's fastest rail line in regions with extremely low temperatures.

Wang Zuoxiang, head of the EEB technology department, said the country started to build electric railways in 1958, and in just over half a century, the mileage has exceeded that of Russia, the former country with the most electric railway mileage.

There are 68 countries and regions with electric railways. Behind China, the leading ones are Russia with 43,300 kilometers, Germany with 21,013 kilometers, India with 18,810 kilometers, Japan with 16,965 kilometers and France with 15,217 kilometers.

According to the 12th Five-year plan for railway development, China will have around 120,000 kilometers of railway in operation -- 60 percent of which will be electric -- by the end of 2015.




China local governments angle for rail projects

Provincial government officials are making their final sprint to win support for railway projects, as the Ministry of Railways (MOR) draws closer to announcing next year’s budget.

Since Nov. 22, leaders from Jilin and Liaoning provinces and Tibetan Autonomous Region have visited the railway minister Sheng Guangzu, requesting the ministry to step up support for railway projects under their administration, a source from the ministry said.

While details of the meetings remain unclear, the source said Jilin’s provincial governor Wang Rulin appealed to Sheng to increase purchases from Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., a train manufacturer based in Jilin’s provincial capital Changchun.



Guangzhou Metro, China

Guangzhou Metro is a light rail transit system in the city of Guanghzou (formerly known as Canton) in China. It is the fourth metro system to be introduced in Mainland China.

It is the third largest city in China, and, in December 1994, became the second, after Shanghai, to order a new light-rail system. The system is operated by the state-owned Guangzhou Metro Corporation.

The city has 7 million inhabitants and is situated in the south of the country near Hong Kong. Construction of a subway network was approved in 1989 and was started in 1993.

The city, in the south of one of the world's most populous countries, was initially planned to have a two-line metro system, which uses some of the latest light-rail technology, and was a model for a completely integrated project.

The number of lines was, however, increased later. The metro now operates five lines, with an additional seven lines underway.

The project

The five lines of the Guangzhou Metro system span a length of 150km and connect 88 stations in the city.

The first phase of the 18.5km (11.5 mile) Line 1 was opened in June 1997, comprising the first 16 of the eventual 17 stations to be built on this line, along with the depot and workshops. The 17th station was opened in June 1999.

Line 3 of the metro system is 36km long and connects 19 stations. The extension of line 3 that is under construction is 30.8km long and connects an additional 12 stations to the line.

The fourth line of the system is 43.8km long and connects 14 stations. It is being extended by 3.02km and will add two stations to the line. The fifth line which was opened in 2009 is 31.9km long, and connects 24 stations.

The new lines 6,8 and 9 are under construction, while line 7 is in the planning stage. The expansion of lines 2, 3 and 5 is being carried out along with the construction of new lines. In addition, about 12 more lines are in the long-term plan for the metro.

The total project cost is around £1bn (CNY12,700m), which includes the necessary civil works, which have been co-ordinated by the Guanghzou Metro Corporation. It has employed largely Chinese contractors, and design work was the responsibility of the design institutes of the Chinese Ministry of Railways, under the supervision of the Second Railway Survey & Design Institute in Chengdu.

Line routes

The first line of the Guangzhou Metro has the stations Guangzhou East and Xilang as the terminals. The line shares stations with lines 2, 3 and 5.

Line 2 is an L-shaped line connecting Sanyuanli to Wanshengwei via Xiaogang and Pazhou stations. Line 2 has common stations with all existing lines; 1, 3, 4 and 5. Part of line 2 is used by line 8 in its first phase.

The third line of the metro is a Y-shaped line with Guangzhou East station, Tianhe coach terminal and Panyu Square as the terminals. The track connecting Guangzhou East station and Panyu Square is the main track of the line, while Tianhe coach terminal intersects the main line at Tiyu Xilu. Line 3 intersects lines 1, 2 and 5.

The fourth line is almost an L-shaped line connecting Chebeinan to Jinzhou through Wanshengwei and Huangge and intersects with lines 2 and 5.

The fifth line of the system connects Wenchong and Jiaokou and shares stations with all of the other lines.

Rolling stock
For operation on Line 1, 21 trains, each comprising six vehicles, were ordered. These have been supplied by Siemens-AEG of Berlin, Germany, along with the train equipment, high and medium voltage traction power supply and other ancillary control systems, including the network's own telecommunications system.

The vehicles were built in Hennigsdorf near Berlin, and the first was delivered early in 1997. As of January 2010, line 1 is operating about 126 trains supplied by Siemens and 48 by Bombardier and Chinese firm Changchun Car.

On Line 2 trains have been built by a joint venture of Bombardier and Changchun Car. The first of the 26 Bombardier Movia trains were built in Germany with later trains built in China. The total fleet size operated on Line 2 is 156.

The fleet of line 3 was manufactured by Siemens AG and Zhuzhou Electrical Locomotive Works. The total number of cars being operated is 120. Lines 4 and 5 have a total fleet size of 300, manufactured by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock Series.


Line 1 was inaugurated on 28 June 1999 and was built as a turnkey project by a consortium led by Siemens. It has a total length of 18.3km with 17 stations and runs from the Guanghzou Iron and Steel Works in the south-western suburb of Fangcun, crosses the Pearl River, and traverses the busy commercial district along Zhongshan Road to the East Railway Station, which is the terminus for the main line to Hong Kong. All but 2km of this line have been built underground, so that road traffic already very heavy - is affected as little as possible.

Construction of line 2 started in 1999 and it was opened in April 2003, a year ahead of schedule. The line extends from south to north, starting from Pazhou in Haizhu District,via Zhongshan University and Guangzhou Arts college, across Zhujiang River to an interchange with the Metro Line 1 at GongyuanQian, to Zhongshan Memorial Hall, Fair Building, guangzhou Railway station, shanyuanli, and Baiyun Interational Airport to Jiangxia.

The 17 stations on Line 1 are supported by six interlocking areas, which ensure the safety of the network and form the backbone of the signalling infrastructure, which is provided by a SIG system. The system has been installed by German-based manufacturer Siemens, and the interlockings use the latest 16-bit technology.

"In common with other, similar major projects, finance is the main obstacle to future development."Operators in the system's control centre input information into workstations which then control, and adjust where necessary, the required headway between trains. An automatic train protection (ATP) system has also been installed, based on the same technology as the SIG system, to ensure complete compatibility.

The acceleration and deceleration of each train is controlled by an automatic train operation (ATO) system, which determines the rate at which a train should be accelerated or decelerated, taking into account the line speed limit and the gradient of the stretch of line involved.

SIG also installed the passenger information system used at the stations across the network. This also uses the latest technology, and includes displays showing the time to the next train, its destination, and calling points en route. The control centre houses systems which devise and implement the running timetable and train and staff rosters, and automatically ensure that all trains follow the correct route. The system is also the first in China to use an automated fare collection system. The system was developed and manufactured by Cubic Transportation Systems (CTS), based in San Diego, California.

CTS won the contract to install the first system of its type under a contract worth $19.5m (£11.8m), which involved the installation of 400 pieces of equipment. The system includes a central computer, station computers, automatic ticket machines, fare gates, booking office machines, high-speed encoders and ticket checkers. The system uses magnetically encoded plastic tickets.

The future

In common with other, similar major projects, finance is the main obstacle to future development. Given the turmoil experienced by many of the economies of the Far East as the 20th century drew to a close, any further development was likely to involve substantial support from banks and financial institutions outside the region. Despite the enormous demand for light-rail investment, given the obvious benefits in reducing traffic congestion and pollution, the project faces immense competition from other infrastructure development plans.

Despite this, the expansion of the lines 2, 3 and 5 is being carried out along with the construction of new lines. Lines 6, 8 and 9 are under construction, while line 7 is in the planning stage. A further 12 lines are also proposed for the future.




China's first rail to 'sea of death' starts operation

On Nov. 29, with the freight train moving slowly from Hami to Lop Nor, the former lake that is known as "the sea of death," in northwestern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region enters a new era.

The railway from Hami to Lop Nor runs through nine stations along the route and is planned to have a freight capacity of 33 million tonnes a year. It will play an important role for the development of mineral resources, especially for potassium salt, and acceleration the economic growth of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regions.

The Lop Nur was the largest lake in northwestern China before it dried up in 1972 as a result of desertification and environmental degradation.

China approves $7.87 billion in rail projects to boost economy

China has approved construction of two city subway projects worth 49 billion yuan (£4.91 billion), adding to the list of recent railway project approvals aimed at boosting growth in the world's second biggest economy.

The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China's state planning agency, also approved a feasibility study on an inter-city rail line between Fuzhou and Pingtan, an island off the coast of Fujian, worth a further 26 billion yuan, the official Shanghai Securities News reported.

The projects appear aimed at shoring up growth in China's economy, which has slowed for seven consecutive quarters, most recently posting 7.4 percent annual growth for the third quarter.

More recent data, however, has shown signs of a recovery, with fixed-asset investment, factory output, and retail sales all beating expectations in October.

Shanghai Securities News, citing an announcement from the NDRC, reported the agency had approved construction of a second subway line in Fuzhou, the capital city of prosperous Fujian province, on China's east coast.

The commission also approved construction of the first two subway lines in Urumqi, the capital of western China's Xinjiang Autonomous Region, the paper reported.

The Fuzhou project, which will take four years to complete, is worth 18 billion yuan, while the Urumqi project will total 31 billion yuan and is due for completion in 2019.

The latest project approvals come on the back of a slate of rail and other projects approved in recent months. In early September, NDRC approved 25 rail projects totalling $110 billion.

Reuters estimated that a flurry of new project approvals announced in early September, when concerns about the slowing economy were at their peak, totalled $157 billion.

Last month, the Ministry of Railways announced it had raised its spending plan for 2013 to 630 billion yuan from 610 billion announced in September.





 New train bears down on cold challenge

With temperatures below freezing and snow falling the length of the route, China's first high-speed rail line that runs a long distance through regions with extremely low temperatures started service on Saturday.

The 921-kilometer line links Harbin, capital of China's northernmost province of Heilongjiang, and the port city of Dalian in Liaoning province. The high-tech train, designed to withstand temperatures ranging from minus 40 up to 40 C, marks a new milestone in the country's effort to build the largest high-speed railway network in the world.

"I am very excited and proud because I've made contributions to the new line's construction," said Shen Yong, an engineer with the China Railway Tenth Group Co Ltd.

To minimize the frigid environment's impacts on the railway hardware, the ministry has been operating trial runs for the past two months.

One of the major challenges: If the train departs from Dalian and heads for Harbin, the temperature can drop enroute as much as 15 degrees, said Luo Chuanbao, a publicity official of the Ministry of Railways.

The CRH380B high-speed trains on the line are designed to withstand such shifts, said Kong Feng, a senior engineer with the CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles, manufacturer of the cold-proof trains.

The service will cut travel time between the two cities from nine hours to about four.

The bullet trains can run at a maximum speed of 350 km per hour, but for the frosty initial stage, they will travel with caution at slower speeds, according to the Ministry of Railways.

The speed between Dec 1 and March 31 will be 200 km per hour, and for the rest of the year it will be 300 km per hour. The ticket prices will vary based on the speeds.

Lu Hongguang, a white-collar worker in Harbin, said: "I am quite impressed after seeing how modernized and advanced the line and the train are."

With the Harbin-Dalian railway, the regions' cargo capabilities are hugely increased, the Ministry of Railways said.

Construction for the Harbin-Dalian line began in August 2007 with a total investment of 92.3 billion yuan ($14.8 billion). It is part of the planned Beijing-Harbin high-speed railway.





China’s rail cargo volume -3.2% yoy in October, but up compared with September

China’s rail cargo volume year-on-year growth improved from -5.4% in September to -3.2% in October. Compared with September, rail freight volume increased from 307 million tonnes in September to 325 million tonnes in October.

This data point fits with some of the other recent data which suggest a pick-up in economic activities in the final quarter. The chart below shows the year-on-year growth of freight volumes and GDP growth, while the second chart shows the actual level of rail cargo volume. The magnitude of the fall in rail cargo in the current economic slowdown is comparable to the previous slowdown during the financial crisis (ignoring the Chinese New Year impact). However, it is picking up in October according to official data.




Trade across Central Asia boosted by railway land bridge to Europe

Trade between China and Shanghai Cooperation Organization members will be greatly boosted, thanks to Eurasian countries' efforts to improve the transportation channel of a new Eurasian land bridge linking China and Europe, experts have said.

Occupying three-fifths of Eurasia, six SCO members China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, and five observer countries - Mongolia, Pakistan, Iran, India and Afghanistan, have been working toward strengthening economic and trade cooperation within the group.

"More and more imported and exported goods between China and other Eurasian countries are delivered via railway on the new Eurasian land bridge. This method saves time, offers protection of goods and rapid turnover of cash flow for importers and exporters," said Guo Minjie, chairman of the logistics and technical equipment special committee at the China Transportation Association.

Stretching over 11,870 kilometers, the new Eurasian land bridge extends from China's Lianyungang city to Rotterdam, a major port city in the Netherlands, creating an uninterrupted rail link that passes through Russia and central Asian countries.

"Major trading goods, including mechanical and electronic goods with high-added value are suitable to be transported via railway on the new Eurasian land bridge," Guo said.

Compared with sea transportation, which is widely used in international trade, railway transportation is more time efficient.

According to the China Transportation Association, the delivery time of goods from China to Europe via rail is one-fifth that of the ocean transportation.

"Mechanical and electric products are easily damaged by the sea air, so more importers and exporters of these kinds of products prefer railway transport," Guo said.

"Furthermore, although the delivery cost of railway transport is higher than sea transportation, the greater time-efficiency of land transport can result in quick cash return and this is more attractive," Guo said.

China's mechanical and electronic product exports have been the major driving force of trade growth between China and other SCO members.

The export of mechanical and electronic goods account for 30 percent of China's total exports to central Asia and Russia.

Since the community was established in 2001, trade between China and other SCO countries increased from $12.1 billion to $111 billion in 2011.







Bombardier's rating reduced, lower third quarter earnings expected 

National Bank Financial's analyst Cameron Doerksen reduced his rating for Canada-based Bombardier due to short-term concerns. On average, analysts anticipate Bombardier to book per share adjusted profits of CAD 0.11 (EUR 0.08 USD 0.11) and revenues of USD 4.68bn (EUR 3.61bn) during the third quarter of 2012. However, Doerksen's projection of the firm's per share earnings is lower by CAD 0.03. Furthermore, his share target price of the firm has been cut to CAD 4.25, down CAD 0.25. The reduction comes amid a rising delay risk in the CSeries' first flight, reduced Challenger business jets and regional jets sales as well as a potential 12 month delay for its Bombardier Transportation railway unit to achieve its targeted profit margin. In addition, he expects Bombardier's aircraft delivery to total 61 planes during the three month period, including 14 regional aircraft, 46 business jets and one amphibious plane. In the previous year, the company delivered 68 aircraft. 





China: Insurance contract for Nanning rail transit project inked

An insurance contract has been signed for Nanning Urban Rail Transit Line 1 project in China. Ping An Property and Casualty Insurance Company of China is the lead insurer, while the joint insurers are China Life Property and Casualty Insurance Company, China Continent Property & Casualty Insurance Company, PICC Property and Casualty Company and Sunshine Property and Casualty Insurance Company. The total premium is around CNY 100mn (EUR 12.36mn USD 16.03mn), while the total insurance amount is over CNY 16.6bn. The insurance agreement was signed at Nanning Rail Transit Co on 30 October 2012.



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